Governance in Pakistan
- Government Agencies
- Policy and Plans
The Ministry of Education was one of a number of federal ministries that were, under the eighteenth constitutional amendment of 2010, devolved to the provinces in 2011.
Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training
Tel: +92 051 9213 933 (secretary’s Office)
Minister: Muhammad Baligh-ur-Rehman
Higher Education Commission
Tel: +92 051 90400 100
Chair: Prof Mukhtar Ahmed
Public spending on education was 2 per cent of GDP in 2012.
The Planning Commission launched the first long-range development plan, Vision 2030: Pakistan in the 21st Century, in August 2007, following an extensive stakeholder consultation process. This expresses the aspiration of the people for a
‘developed, industrialised, just and prosperous Pakistan’.
Concurrent medium-term plans set out strategies and priorities towards achievement of Vision 2030. The Planning Commission was in 2013 working on the Development Strategy 2013-18.
Among the most important objectives emphasised in successive plans are universal primary and 70 per cent secondary school enrolment, with a marked improvement in quality of education and gender equality; ensuring girls’ and women’s access to education, health and employment opportunities; increasing investment in science and technology; and improving quality in higher education to create a knowledge economy.
A review of the National Education Policy 1998-2010 was initiated in September 2005; a white paper published by the National Educational Policy Review Team in February 2007; and a new national educational policy approved by cabinet in September 2009.
Pakistan qualified for the World Bank’s Fast Track Initiative – known since September 2011 as the Global Partnership for Education – which is aimed at meeting the education Millennium Development Goals and the Education for All goal that by 2015 all children complete a full cycle of primary education. Under the initiative, developing countries have committed to designing and implementing sound education plans since 2002, while development partners commit to aligning and harmonising additional support around these plans.
Pakistan is one of the 35 countries implementing the UNESCO Literacy Initiative for Empowerment (2006-15), a strategicframework through which national governments, civil society, and bilateral and multilateral agencies collaborate to accelerate literacy programmes and support achievement of a 50 per cent improvement in national adult literacy rates by 2015.
In 1994 Pakistan hosted the 12th Conference of Commonwealth Education Ministers in Islamabad. Commonwealth education ministers meet every three years to discuss issues of mutual concern and interest.
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