Education in Pakistan

The designations and the presentation of material on this map, based on UN practice, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Commonwealth Secretariat or the publishers concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. There is no intention to define the status of Jammu and/or Kashmir, which has not yet been agreed upon by the parties.

Joined Commonwealth: 1947 (left in 1972, rejoined in 1989)

Population: 179,160,000 (2012)

GDP p.c. growth: 1.8% p.a. 1990–2012

UN HDI 2012: World ranking 146

Net primary enrolment: 72.5% (2012)

Net secondary enrolment: 36.1% (2012)

Gross tertiary enrolment: 9.5% (2012)

Adult literacy: 54.7% (2011)

Public spending on education was 2 per cent of GDP in 2012.

The Ministry of Education was one of a number of federal ministries that were, under the eighteenth constitutional amendment of 2010, devolved to the provinces in 2011.

There are five years of primary education starting at the age of five, and seven years of secondary comprising cycles of three and four years. Some 52 per cent of pupils complete primary school (2010). The school year starts in April.

In October 2013, the Higher Education Commission recognised 151 degree-awarding institutions, 84 in the public sector. Allama Iqbal Open University was established in 1974, the first open university in Asia. Fatima Jinnah Women’s University, Rawalpindi, opened in 1998 and was Pakistan’s first university exclusively for women. The female-male ratio for gross enrolment in tertiary education is 1:1 (2012). Literacy among people aged 15-24 is 70.8 per cent (2011). There is an extensive literacy programme.