Governance in Malaysia
- Government Agencies
- Policy and Plans
The Ministry of Education and Ministry of Higher Education are the principal government agencies in the country’s education sector. The other government agencies in the sector are the Malaysian Examination Council, the premier exam board; the Institute of Language; the Literature and National Institute for Translation, which trains translators; the Education Marketing Division, which promotes Malaysian higher education domestically and abroad; and the state-backed Malaysia International Scholarship (MIS) which aims to retain the nation’s premier talent within the country.
Ministry of Education
Tel: +6038884 6000
Minister: Muhyiddin bin Mohamed Yassin
Secretary-General: Dr Zulkurnain bin Awang
Ministry of Higher Education
Tel: +603 8883 5000
Minister: Mohamed Khaled bin Nordin
Public spending on education was 6.8 per cent of GDP in 2011.
The national vision of a progressive and high-income nation within 30 years, Vision 2020, was unveiled by the prime minister in 1991, at the launch of the Sixth Malaysia Plan. It provided a framework for subsequent development planning.
Key to the Tenth Malaysia Plan 2011-15 is the development of the country’s human capital towards a knowledge-based economy. This entails improving access to and the quality of the education system at all levels; making national schools the schools of choice; nurturing top quality research and development; and empowering women and youth.
Malaysia hosted the 17th Conference of Commonwealth Education Ministers (17CCEM) in Kuala Lumpur in June 2009, which marked 50 years since the first conference was held in Oxford in the UK in 1959. The conference was attended by delegations from 40 member countries and had the theme ‘Education in the Commonwealth: Towards and Beyond Global Goals and Targets’. Commonwealth education ministers meet every three years to discuss issues of mutual concern and interest.
Two schools in Sarawak, Malaysia, were joint winners in the 2009 Commonwealth Education Good Practice Awards: Ulu Labai Primary School for total involvement of a farming community in improving a remote school’s performance; and Ba Kelalan Primary School, situated deep in the jungle, for mobilizing the community to contribute voluntary service and making the school a safer and more orderly place for children to study, and for a 43% improvement in student examination passes since 2000. A third organisation in Malaysia, Sabah State Education Department, was selected as a finalist in the 2009 Awards, for the use of games and activities in the school compound to improve children’s interpersonal skills and racial integration and to promote cultural activities such as story-telling.
|Governance in Malaysia|
|Institute of Language and Literature||
|Malaysia International Scholarship||
|Malaysian Examinations Council||
|Ministry of Higher Education||