Universities and Colleges in India
There are some 44 ‘central’ universities, under the Department of Higher Education of the Ministry of Human Resource Development; 285 state universities, under the state governments, the three oldest of which – the Universities of Calcutta, Madras and Mumbai
– date back to 1857; more than 130 higher education institutions recognised and granted autonomous status by the Department of Higher Education; and 112 private universities (2012).
There are schemes to reserve places for ‘scheduled’ (lowest) castes and tribes in certain colleges and universities, and special boarding schools for talented children with priority given to those from rural areas. The female-male ratio for gross enrolment in tertiary education is 0.8:1 (2011). Literacy among people aged 15-24 is 81.1 per cent (2006).
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