Governance in Bangladesh
- Government Agencies
- Policy and Plans
The Ministry of Education is the principal government education agency in the country. The Ministry is responsible for all levels of education and formulates policies and programs for the development of post-primary to higher education including madrasah, technical and vocational education. Key education agencies working under the Ministry of Education include the Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS), the University Grants Commission, the National Curriculum and Textbook Board, the Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education, the Bangladesh Technical Education Board (BTEB), and the Directorate of Inspection and Audit Ministry of Education.
Ministry of Education
Tel: +880 2 716 8711
Minister: Nurul Islam Nahid
Secretary: Dr Muhammed Sadique
Public spending on education was 2 per cent of GDP in 2008.
The Bangladesh Planning Commission was mandated in January 1972 to establish a long-term perspective for development planning; to determine the goals, strategies, targets and priorities of development plans and annual development programmes; and to formulate policy for the achievement of planned goals and targets.
The national vision is set out in the Perspective Plan 2010-21:
Making Vision 2021 a Reality, published in June 2010. The Sixth Five-Year Plan is for the period 2011-15. The vision of the Perspective Plan 2010-21 is ‘to build Bangladesh into a resilient, productive, innovative and prosperous nation with a caring society consisting of healthy, happy, and well-educated people’.
In the late 1980s the government laid great emphasis on the improvement of the primary education system in an attempt to raise the rate of literacy. A scheme was, therefore, undertaken to establish one primary school for every 2,000 people in Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has made significant progress in increasing access and achieving gender equity, both at the primary and secondary levels.
Major reforms undertaken by government for improving the quality of education include introduction of a unitrack curriculum in secondary education during the latter 2000s; school-based assessment at secondary level; reform of secondary school examination systems; privatisation of textbook writing and publication; reorganisation of management committees and governing bodies for non-governmental educational institutions;formation of an oversight committee for the supervision of teaching in classrooms; and strengthening teachers’ training.
The Campaign for Popular Education is a national coalition of NGOs working in the fields of literacy and non-formal education. It was established in 1991 with 15 members and in 2013 it comprised more than 1,300 organisations working in basic education.