Education in Kenya
- Education institutions
Hon. Prof Margaret Kamar M.P.
Former Minster of Higher Education, Science and Technology
The 18th conference of the Commonwealth Ministers comes at the most opportune time when the partnership being proposed will contribute to accelerated development in Science and Technology.
The global economy is undergoing rapid development, where technology, driven by skills and innovation, will be among the key determinants of enhancing efficiency, productivity and competitiveness. Through Vision 2030, Kenya intends to become a knowledge-led economy wherein, the creation, adaptation and use of knowledge will be among the most critical factors for rapid economic growth. Realization of the Vision goals is predicated on harnessing the right creative talents capable of raising Kenya’s international competitiveness by enhancing productivity at all levels. It envisages that throughout the education, training and research system, learning will inculcate the use of knowledge to create wealth, improve social welfare and promote democratic governance.
In appreciation of the critical role of skills development for science, technology and innovation in today’s shifting paradigm to knowledge-based economic development and the role that innovation has to play in knowledge-worker economies, the Government established the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology in May, 2008 to harmonize, implement, guide and coordinate higher education, science and technology towards the realization of this agenda.
The Government of Kenya values the contribution of development partners and welcome investment in Education not only from the Commonwealth but also from the fifty four member countries.
Joined Commonwealth: 1963
Population: 43,178,000 (2012)
GDP p.c. growth: 0.3% p.a. 1990–2012
UN HDI 2012: World ranking 145
Net primary enrolment: 82% (2009)
Net secondary enrolment: 50.0% (2009)
Gross tertiary enrolment: 4.0% (2009)
Adult literacy: 72.2% (2011)
Public spending on education was 7 per cent of GDP in 2010.
Kenya Vision 2030 – of a newly industrialising, middle-income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens by 2030 in a clean and secure environment – is being implemented in successive five-year medium-term plans, the first covering the period 2008-12. The Ministry of Planning and National Development and Vision 2030 Delivery Secretariat have reviewed this first medium-term plan, paying particular attention to the feedback from stakeholders, as required by the 2010 constitution, and this has informed preparation of the 2012-17 plan.
There are eight years of compulsory education starting at the age of six. Primary school comprises six years and secondary six, with cycles of two and four years. The school year starts in January.
Among Kenya’s many higher education institutions are University of Nairobi; Kenyatta University (main campus Nairobi; other campuses at Kitui, Mombasa and Ruiru); Moi University (in Eldoret since 1984); Egerton University, the principal agricultural university with its main campus at Njoro, Nakuru (established as a university in 1987); Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (in Juja since 1994); and a growing number of private universities. The female-male ratio for gross enrolment in tertiary education is 0.70:1 (2009). Literacy among people aged 15-24 is 93 per cent (2010).
Ministry of Education: www.education.go.ke
Kenya ICT Trust Fund: www.kenyaictfund.or.ke
Kenya National Examinations Council: www.knec.ac.ke
Egerton University: www.egerton.ac.ke
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology: www.jkuat.ac.ke
Moi University: www.mu.ac.ke
University of Nairobi: www.uonbi.ac.ke
Technical University of Kenya www.tukenya.ac.ke
Chuka University College: www.cuc.ac.ke
Pioneer International University: www.piu.ac.ke
The College of Insurance: www.coi.ac.ke