Education in Ghana

Joined Commonwealth: 1957

Population: 25,366,000 (2012)

GDP p.c. growth: 3.0% p.a. 1990–2012

UN HDI 2012: World ranking 135

Net primary enrolment: 87% (2013)

Net secondary enrolment: 51.5% (2003)

Gross tertiary enrolment: 12.2% (2012)

Adult literacy: 71.5% (2010)

Public spending on education was 8 per cent of GDP in 2011.

The Education Strategic Plan 2003-2015 embodies targets and strategies aimed at achieving the Education for All goals. Ghana qualified for the World Bank’s Fast Track Initiative – known since September 2011 as the Global Partnership for Education – which is aimed at meeting the education Millennium Development Goals and the Education for All goal that by 2015 all children complete a full cycle of primary education. Under the initiative, developing countries have committed to designing and implementing sound education plans since 2002, while development partners commit to aligning and harmonising additional support around these plans.

There are 11 years of compulsory education starting at the age of four. Primary school comprises six years and secondary seven, with cycles of three and four years. Some 72 per cent of pupils complete primary school (2008). The school year starts in September.

The longest established public universities are the University of Ghana (Legon, Accra, established 1948); Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (Kumasi, 1952); University of Cape Coast (1962); University for Development Studies (main campus at Tamale, 1992); University of Education (Winneba, 1992);
and University of Mines and Technology (Tarkwa, 2004). Other major tertiary institutions include the Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration (Achimota, Accra, 1961).

There are also many teacher-training colleges, polytechnics and specialised tertiary institutions; and many private universities. The female-male ratio for gross enrolment in tertiary education is 0.60:1 (2012). Literacy among people aged 15-24 is 85.7 per cent (2010).